The pollution problem in the upper basin of the Litani River is still exacerbated by the flow of huge amounts of untreated sewage directly into the riverbed and Qaraoun Lake. In this context, the Director General and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Authority of the Litani River, Dr. Sami Alawiyeh, revealed that in the absence of good management and drawing up a clear directive plan for the sanitation sector, centralized solutions are adopted for sewage treatment systems associated with defects in studies and designs, poor implementation and unsustainable operation. Due to the need for huge sources of energy and the lack of technical and financial capabilities to operate them, in addition to the continued connection of rainwater networks and the transfer of industrial waste to those networks leading to refinery plants. As a result of all this, there was a failure to treat this water, and the lack of validity of the treated water to mix with the water medium, and thus its unsuitability for irrigation, and the absence of periodic monitoring of the quality of the water coming out of it.
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